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外國人愛上北京的 101 個理由|單讀

來源:未知  時間:2017-07-07 12:57
外國人愛上北京的 101 個理由|單讀


完美兼职网赚论坛 LEILIBOSHIYIWEIYANJIUGUDIANYUYANXUEDEAODILIXUEZHE,RENJIAOYURENMINDAXUE,ZHIJINYIZAIBEIJINGJUZHU20 NIANZHIJIU。TACHENGBEIJINGWEIZIJIDE“JINGSHENJIAYUAN”,《WODELINGDOU》BIANSHITAXIANGEI“JIA”DESUIBIJI。ZAISHUZHONG,LEILIBOZHANZAI“JUWAIREN”DEJIAODU,JIANGSHULEJINGCHENGXIANWEIRENZHIDELISHI,BINGXISHUCHU101 TIAOWAIGUORENAISHANGBEIJINGDELIYOU。

LEILIBOYIZHIZICHENGWEI“SHIJIEGONGMIN”。TARENWEI,BUTONGWENHUAJIANDECHAYIBINGBUFANGAIBICIQINGTINGHERONGHE。“FEIWOZULEI,QIXINBIYI”DEGUANNIANCENGSHENSHENZHIGENYUZHONGGUOSHEHUI,ZISHIBASHIJIYILAI,BEIJINGZHUJIANBAITUOGULIDEJUMIAN,XIAOXINYIYIDITONGWAIBUSHIJIEJIECHU,FASHENGMOCAHEPENGZHUANG,LIUXUESHENGHECHUANJIAOSHICENGZUOWEIBEIJINGLIANJIEXIFANGDEQIAOLIANG,XIFANGSHIJIEYEJIXULEJIEZHEZUOYUNHANQIANLIDESHENMIZHICHENG。DANGUOCHENGZONGFEIYIFANFENGSHUN,DUIWAIBUSHIJIEDE“WUZHI”,CENGSHIZHONGGUOYIDUXIANRUGUZHI、HUAIYIHEKANGJUDENIZHAO,NEIXIEBUSHOUHUANYINGDELISHIYEJIANJIANBEIGUORENSUOYIWANG......

WAIGUORENAISHANGBEIJINGDE101 TIAOLIYOU

(AO) LEILIBO

完美兼职网赚论坛 BEIJINGDIYIPILIUOUDEXUESHENG

完美兼职网赚论坛 JINTIANHENDUODAXUESHENG,SHENZHIGAOZHONGSHENGDOUHUIDAOGUOWAIXUEXI,ZHONGGUORENQUGUOWAILIUXUEMEIYOUSHENMELEBUQIDE。DANSHIRUGUOKAOLVDAOQINGCHAOZHIDAO1894 NIANDOUJINZHIZHONGGUODEXUEXIAOSHIYONGCHUANBO“XIXUE”DEJIAOCAI,JIUKEJIANZHEZHONGBIANHUAZHIDA。ZAI1894 NIANZHIQIAN,CHUGUOLIUXUEDEQINGNIANDOUXUYAOQIAOQIAODILIKAIZHE“FENGBIDE”DAQINGDIGUO。

ZAOQICHUQUDERENBAOKUOSHANXIRENFANSHOUYI,TAYU1707 NIANZHI1718 NIANJIANZAIYIDALIXUEXI,1720 NIANHUANQINGKANGXIKANTADE《SHENJIANLU》。KANGXIRUGUOSHIYIGEKAIMINGDELINGDAO,TAYINGGAIHUIPAIQIANYIXIEZHONGGUOQINGNIANDAOOUZHOUXUEXI。RANERBUJINJINKANGXIMEIYOUZHEGEXIANGFA,JIULIANZAITADEHUANGGONGFUWUDEWAIGUOCHUANJIAOSHIHAOXIANGYEMEIYOUTICHUZHEYANGDEJIANYI。

完美兼职网赚论坛 ZAIKANGXICHAOTINGGONGZUODEWAIGUORENZHONGYOUMAGUOXIAN(Matteo Ripa,1682—1745),TASHIYIDALIREN,1710 NIANZHI1723 NIANZAIBEIJINGCHAOTINGDANRENHUAJIAHEKEBANJIA。TAYOUYIGEXINDEXIANGFA,JIZAIYIDALIDENEIBULESIJIANLIYIJIAPEIYANGZHONGGUOSHENFUDEXUEYUAN,YINWEITAGANJUEDAO,ZAIZHONGGUOWUFAPEIYANGCHUHENHAODESHENXUEJIAHECHUANJIAOSHI。

YINCI,1723 NIAN,TAYUSIMINGZHONGGUOXIUDAOSHENGHEYIWEIYUYANLAOSHIYIQIQICHENG,XIANDAOAOMEN,ERHOUHANGHAIDAOYIDALI。1724 NIAN11 YUETAMENLIURENDAODAYIDALIDENEIBULESI,ZHESHIMAGUOXIANDEJIAXIANG。TAMENDELVTUHUANBIJIAOSHUNLI,YINWEISUIRANHUALEYINIANDESHIJIAN,SIMINGXUESHENGZONGSUANANQUANDIDAODALEMUDEDI。ZHESIMINGXUESHENGZHONGYOUSANGELAIZIBEIJINGDIQU:YIGESHISHUNTIANFUREN,LIANGGELAIZIZHILIGUAN(BEIJINGYINAN40 GONGLI),YIGELAIZIJIANGSUJINSHAN。

ZHESIGERENSUANSHICONGBEIJINGPAIDAOOUZHOUDEDIYIPIZHONGGUO(BEIJING)LIUXUESHENG,SUOYI1723 NIANYINGGAISHIZHIDEBEIJINGRENJINIANDEYINIAN。BISHIKAISHILEYIGEWEIDADECHUANTONG,ERZHEGECHUANTONGSHIJISHANGYIZHIMEIYOUZHONGDUAN,YINWEICONG1723 NIANYILAI,ZAIYIDALIDENEIBULESIXUEYUANZHONGYIZHIYOUYIXIEZHONGGUORENXUEXILADINGYUHEYIDALIYU,TONGSHIYEYOUYIXIEOUZHOURENXIANGTAMENXUEXIHANYU。MAGUOXIANDENEIBULESIXUEYUANKEYISUANSHIOUZHOUZUIGULAODEHANYUJIAOXUEJIGOU!

完美兼职网赚论坛 ZAOQIZHONGGUOLIUYANGXUESHENGHEYING

SHUISHIBEIJINGDEDIYIPILIUXUESHENGNI?DIYIGERENSHIGURUOHAN(WAIWENMINGCHENG: Joannes Baptista Ku ),1701 NIANCHUSHENGZAISHUNTIANFU,1714 NIANZAIBEIJINGJINRUXIUDAOYUAN,1717 NIANXUANFASHENGYUAN,1723 NIANDAO1724 NIANDAOYIDALI,1734 NIAN1 YUE17 RIBEIZHUSHENGSIDUO,TONGNIANHUIZHONGGUO,BEIPAIQIANDAOSICHUANHEZHILICHUANJIAO。TAHUILAIHOUWEIZHONGGUOJIAOHUIFUWUJINSANSHINIAN,1763 NIAN1 YUE25 RIZAIBEIJINGQUSHI。HENYIHAN,WULUNSHICHEGONGZHUANGWAIDETIANZHUJIAOMUYUAN(LIMADOUMU)HUANSHIYUANLAIZHENGFUSIDEMUYUAN(XIANZAIZAIWUTASI)DOUMEIYOU“GURUOHAN”DEMUBEI——WOMENBUZHIDAOBEIJINGDIYIMINGQUOUZHOULIUXUEDERENZANGZAINALI。

DIERGERENYINRUOWANG(WAIWENMINGCHENG: Joannes Evangelista In )LAIZIZHILIGUAN,YEKEYISUANWEIBEIJINGDIQUDEREN,SUIRANGUANXIANJINTIANSHUHEBEILANGFANGSHI。YINRUOWANGYU1705 NIANCHUSHENG,1714 NIANZAIBEIJINGJINRUXIUDAOYUAN,1723 NIANYUMAGUOXIANYIQILIKAIBEIJING,ZAINEIBULESIXUEXISHINIANZHIJIU,1734 NIANBEIZHUSHENGSIDUO,TONGNIAN9 YUEBEIPAIDAOZHONGGUO。YINIANHOU( 1735 NIAN11 YUE15 RI)TABUXINGZAIHUNANXIANGTANQUSHI。 

YUTAYIQILIKAIBEIJINGDEHUANYOUHUANGBATONG(WAIWENMINGZI: Philippus Hoam ),TA1712 NIANCHUSHENGYUZHILIGUAN,1719 NIANJIECHUXIUDAOYUANSHENGHUO,1724 NIANDAONEIBULESIXUEYUAN,1739 NIANXUANFASHENGYUAN,1741 NIANBEIZHUSHENGSIDUO,DAN1760 NIAN8 YUECAIFANHUIZHONGGUO,BEIPAIDAOZHILI。TAYU1776 NIAN4 YUE26 RIQUSHI,DANXUESHENGMINGDANSHANGMEIYOUXIANSHICHUTAZAINALIQUSHI。

DISIWEICONGBEIJINGCHUFADEZHONGGUOLIUXUESHENGMEIYOUHUIGUO:WULUJUE( Lucius Vu , 1713 — 1763 )SHIJIANGSUJINSHANREN,1724 NIANZAINEIBULESIKAISHIXUEXI,ERQIEXUEXIDESHIJIANHENCHANG,TAYU1741 NIANCAIBEIZHUSHENGSIDUO,HOULAIQULUOMAFUWU,1763 NIAN8 YUEZAILUOMAQUSHI。

完美兼职网赚论坛 JINTIAN,MEINIANDOUYOUHENDUOLIUXUESHENGCONGBEIJINGCHUFAQUOUMEIXUEXI,DANQIZHONGYOUYOUDUOSHAORENNENGYISHIDAO,ZUIZAODELIUXUESHENGXUYAOFUCHUDUODADEDAIJIACAINENGDAODAMUDEDIBINGWANCHENGXUEYENI?

BEIJINGDE“MOGUI”:WUZHI

CONGLISHISHANGLAIKAN,CHANGQIYU“KAIMING”“GAIGE”“JIAOYU”ZUODUIDELILIANGSHIGUANCHANGDE“WUZHI”HE“YUMINZHENGCE”。GUANYUANMENHEZHENGZHILINGDAODANGRANBUYUANYITINGDAOSHEHUISHANGDEWENTI、QUEDIANHEBUZU,YINWEIZHEXIEWENTIDOUKEYILIJIEWEIDUIQIZHENGZHIDEPIPING。YINCI,“BAOXIBUBAOYOU”SHIZHENGZHIJIADETIANXING,BEIHOUQISHISHIYIZHONG“SHUISHIPENGYOUSHUISHIDIREN”DE“HEIBAIFENMING”SIXIANG。

完美兼职网赚论坛 ZHEZHONG“HEIBAIFENMING”DESIXIANGSHIJISHANGSHIZHONGGUOZUIDADEDIRENHE“EMO”。RUGUOMEIYOU“SHIJIEZHUYI”DEXIONGHUAI,MEIYOU“RENRENDOUSHISHANGDIDEERNV”“RENRENDOUSHIZUIREN”DEXINYANG,NEIMEZHENZHENGDEGUOJIHEZUOSHIBUKENENGDE,YINWEIZONGSHIHUIYOU“FEIWOZULEI,QIXINBIYI”DEGUANNIAN。

完美兼职网赚论坛 DANGLIMADOU、TANGRUOWANG、LEIXIAOSI、MAGUOXIAN、MAXIAERNI、DINGWEILIANG、LITIMOTAIHEFANGUOLIANGLAIDAOBEIJINGSHI,TAMENDOUXIANGTUIGUANGXINZHISHI,DOUXIANGBANGZHUZHONGGUO,DANDANGSHITAMENBEIHUAIYI,BUSHOUZHONGSHI,WUFAZIYOUHUODONG,WUFACHUANGBANXINXINGDEJIAOYUJIGOU。YIZHIDAOJINTIAN,TAMENZAILISHISHUZHONGYEHENSHAODEDAOTONGQINGXINGDELIJIE,BIRU“CHUANJIAOSHI”ZHEGECIJINGCHANGHE“DIGUOZHUYI”HE“WAIGUOQINLVE”LIANDAOYIQI,SUOYI“CHUANJIAOSHI”ZAIXIANDAIHANYUZHONGSIHUSHIYIGE“BIANYICI”!DANZAIWODEXINMUZHONG,ZHEXIERENDOUSHIWEIREN,TAMENDEXISHENGHETOURUWEIZHONGGUODAILAILEHAOCHU。

LEILIBO

完美兼职网赚论坛 ZUIJINJINIANBEIJINGYECHULEYIXIEGUANYUWAIGUOCHUANJIAOSHIDECHUANJI。ZAIYIBENSHUDEFENGMIANSHANG,WOKANLEZHEYANGDEHUA:“ZHONGGUORENSHIYIGEZHIENTUBAODEZUQUN,DISHUIZHIENBIDANGYONGQUANXIANGBAO。RANERYOUYUGEZHONGYUANYIN,WOMENJINTIANDUILIMADOUYILAIDECHUANJIAOSHIHUANQUESHAOYIGEDAOQIAN,QUESHAOYISHENGGANXIE,QUESHAOYIJUDUIBUQI。”

完美兼职网赚论坛 KANZHEXIEHUASHI,WOJUEDETEBIEBAOGUI,YINWEIZHIQIANCONGLAIMEIYOUKANDAOGUOZHEYANGDEHUA!RUGUOZAI1950 NIANDAI、1960 NIANDAIHUO1970 NIANDAIGONGKAIFABIAOZHEYANGDEHUA,HOUGUOSHIBUKEXIANGXIANGDE。WEISHENMEDABUFENZAIZHONGGUOFUWUGUODEWAIGUORENBUBEIJINIAN?ZHEZHONGSIXIANGRENGJIUSHI“FEIWOZULEI,QIXINBIYI”、FEIHEIJIBAIDESIXIANG。

YOUYUZHEZHONGSIXIANG,ZHONGGUORENWUFACHENGRENYAPIANZHANZHENGHE“BUPINGDENGTIAOYUE”WEIZHONGGUODEXIANDAIHUADAILAILEYIXIEHAOCHU,YEBUNENGCHENGRENRIBENWENMINGZAI1895 NIANDAO1915 NIANJIANWEIZHONGGUODEXIANDAIHUATIGONGLENEIMEDUOHAODEZIYUAN。LISHIXUYAOHENKEGUANDIYANJIU——SUIRANZHIYOUSHANGDISHIWANQUANKEGUANDE——DAN“JINKENENGKEGUAN”SHIYIGEZHONGYAODEYANJIUYUANZE。

MINGQINGSHIQI,BEIJINGDE“ESHILI”(OUZHOURENCHENGZHI“MOGUI”)KENENGJIUSHIDUIYUWAIJIEDE“WUZHI”。YINWEIDUONIANDEBIGUANSUOGUOZHENGCE,HUAIYIWAILAIDEWENHUA、ZHISHIYIJINGCHENGWEIHENDUORENDE“TIANXING”,SUOYIYIZHONGJIANSHEXINGDEGOUTONGJIHUSHIBUKENENGDE。ZHONGGUODEHUANGDIMEIYOUXUEXIELUOSIYU,MEIYOUXUEXILADINGYU,YEMEIYOUXUEXIYINGYU,ZHEYANGYEWUFAJINYIBUTUIDONGJIAOYUDEGUOJIHUA。

完美兼职网赚论坛 ZAI19 SHIJIMO,DUIYUWAIJIEDE“WUZHI”YANHUAWEIJIDUANDEPAIWAIQINGXU,BINGDUOQULEHENDUORENDEXINGMING,TONGSHIYEJIXUZUAIZHUXINZHISHIHEXINXUEDECHUANBO。LITIMOTAIYU1886  NIANXIEXIADE《QIGUOXINXUEBEIYAO》MIANDUIDE,SHIQINGTINGDEMIESHI。YONGXINGXIANGHUADEYUYANKEYISHUO,LISHIZAI“YUMOGUIBODOU”,“YUWUZHIPINMING”。

ZHEZHONGBODOUZAI1900 NIANHOU、1920 NIANHOU,SHENZHIZAI2000 NIANHOURENGRANJIXU。ZHONGGUORENYOULISHIGAN,DANZHEZHONG“LISHIYISHI”GENGDUOSHIZHENDUITANG、SONG、MINGSANDAI,ERDUI19 YU20 SHIJIDELISHI,“YOUYUGEZHONGYUANYIN”WUFA“ZHIENTUBAO”。YUSHI,YINGLIANZHIBEIYIWANGLE,ERFANGUOLIANGYEBEIYIWANGLE。

完美兼职网赚论坛 “WUSIYUNDONG”ZILIAOTUPIAN

DIERGE“EMO”SHIQINGXUHUADIKUADASHISHI。BIRUQINGXUHUADIKUADASHISHIDAOZHIWUSIYUNDONGQIJIANXUESHENGBULIXINGDIYONGBAOLIQUFENSHAOFUBAIGUANYUANDEZHUZHAI。WOFANDUIRENHEXINGSHIDEBAOLI。WOJINGCHANGGANXIESHANGTIAN,YINWEIWOLAIBEIJINGSHIZAI1995 NIAN,ERBUSHI1965 NIANHUO1975 NIAN!ZAIHEPINGDESHIDAIWEISHENMEHUANYAOYONGBAOLINI?

完美兼职网赚论坛 “KUADA”YOUHENDUOBIAOXIAN。ZAI1900 NIANQIAN,YOURENSANBOYAOYANSHUO,WAIGUOCHUANJIAOSHIBANGUERYUANSHIWEILEZHIYAO,YAOWACHUXIAOHAIZIDEXIN、YANJING,DENGDENG。ZAOYAODERENHEXIHUANTINGYAOYANDERENDOUYOUZUI,YINWEIZHEXIEYAOYANHUIZUAISHUANGFANGDEGOUTONGYUHEZUO。JINTIANYOUSHUIHUIBA“DUIFANG”DEQUEDIAN“KUADA”NI?NAXIE“YAOYAN”HUOKUADADESHUOFAHUIZUAICHANGQIDEHEZUOYUHEPINGWANGLAI?KONGZISUOSHUODE“JUNZICHENGRENZHIMEI”RANGWOSHENSI。ZAIJINTIANDESHIJIEZHONG,NALIYOUYIXIERENBEI“YAOMOHUA”NI?

BEIJINGDEWAIGUORENHUILAILE

CONGMENGGUSHIDAIKAISHI,BEIJINGYIZHIDOUYOUWAIGUOREN。RANER,DAOLEKANGXIMONIANHEQIANLONGSHIDAI,DUIWAIGUORENDEGUANLIHEXIANZHIYUELAIYUEYANGE。KANGXIHEQIANLONGDEZHENGCESHIWEIHUANGGONGXIYINYOUXIUDEWAIGUOZHUANJIA,DANYOUBURANGWAIGUOCHUANJIAOSHIHENZIYOUDIJIECHUXIANGJIANDEZHONGGUOBAIXING。YINCITAMENDOUBUTAIZHICHIZHONGGUOTIANZHUJIAODEFAZHAN,ZUIDUOJIUSHIRONGRENTADECUNZAI。

完美兼职网赚论坛 DAOLE18 SHIJIMO,JIAOHUISHOUDEYALIYUELAIYUEDA。BIRU,1784 NIANSHANXI、SHANXI、SICHUAN、GUIZHOUDENGDIXIANQILECHOUJIAODEFENGCHAO。DANGSHIYIGONGYOU18 MINGZAIXIANGJIANMIMIHUODONGDEWAIGUOCHUANJIAOSHIBEIDAIBU,BINGBEIYASONGDAOBEIJING,QIANLONGXIALINGJIANGTAMENQIUJIN。

完美兼职网赚论坛 DAO1785 NIANCHUNTIAN,YIJINGYOUSANMINGCHUANJIAOSHIBINGSIYUZHONG。1785 NIAN7 YUE,BALIWAIFANGCHUANJIAOHUIDEWUSIDEWANG( Etienne Devaut )HEBIRUOSE( Joseph Delpon )ZAIBEIJINGDEJIANYUZHONGQUSHI,ERJIGEYUEHOUYIDALIFANGJIGEHUIXIUSHIBIYAJINI( Atto Biagini )YEZAIYUZHONGQUSHI。 

1785 NIAN11 YUE9 RI,QIANLONGHUANGDIZHONGYUHUIYINGLENEIXIEZAICHAOTINGGONGZHIDECHUANJIAOSHIDELIANMINGKENQIU,JUEDINGSHIFANGRENGRANHUOZHUDE12 MINGWAIGUOCHUANJIAOSHI。QIZHONGDADUOSHURENXUANZEJIXULIUZAIBEIJING。BUGUOYINWEIJIAQINGHUANGDIHEDAOGUANGHUANGDIDOUMEIYOUJIXUPINQINGXINDEWAIGUOZHUANJIALAICHAOTINGGONGZUO,SUOYIZAIBEIJINGDEWAIGUORENRENSHUZHUJIANXIAJIANG,DAO1810 NIANSHIJIUHENSHAOLE,1820 NIANZHILIUXIASIMINGPUTAOYAQIANSHIHUIHUISHI,QIZHONGYIWEIJIUSHIBIXUEYUAN(Pires-Pereira)ZHUJIAO。

完美兼职网赚论坛 1838 NIAN11 YUE2 RI,BIXUEYUANZHUJIAOZAIBEIJINGSHISHI,TASHIZAIBEIJINGGONGZUODEZUIHOUDETIANZHUJIAOCHUANJIAOSHI。ZHIDAO20 SHIJICHU,TADEMUBEIRENGRANBAOCUNZAICHEGONGZHUANGWAIDEZHALANMUYUAN,MUBEIDETUOPIANYEHUANZAI,SHANGMIANHUANYONGLADINGYUXIEZHU: A Russis sepultus (YOUELUOSIRENMAIZANG)。ZHESHUOMINGDANGSHIWEITAJUXINGZANGLIDESHIZHUBEIJINGDEELUOSIJIAOSHITUANDEREN,YINWEIBEIJINGDETIANZHUJIAOZHONGGUOSIDUODOULIKAILEBEIJING,TAMENYIJINGYU1828 NIANQIANDAOLEZHANGJIAKOUDIQUDEXIWANZI。

ZHONGGUOGUDAIDECHUANJIAOSHI

完美兼职网赚论坛 ZHELIDEELUOSIRENZHIDESHIKANGXISHIDAIYILAIZHUBEIJINGDONGZHIMENNEIDEELUOSIDONGZHENGJIAOJIAOSHITUAN。ZAI19 SHIJICHU,BEIJINGTIANZHUJIAOHEELUOSIDONGZHENGJIAOJIAOSHIZHIJIANDEGUANXIYINGGAISHIXIANGDANGHAODE,YINWEIBIXUEYUANZAI1838 NIAN11 YUEQUSHIZHIQIAN,JIANGXUANWUMENNANTANGZANGSHULOUHEZHALANMUDICHANQUANZHUANJIAOGEILEELUOSIDONGZHENGJIAOJIAOSHITUANDEDASIJIWEIRUOMING( Beniamin Morachevich ),QINGTABAOGUANTIANZHUJIAODEJIAOCHAN。

完美兼职网赚论坛 BIXUEYUANYIQUSHI,NANTANGJIAOCHANBEIZHONGGUOGUANFANGMEISHOULE,ZHUFANGBEICHAICHU,JIAOTANGYEBEICHAFENG。ZAICIZHIQIAN,HUANGDIYIJINGXIALINGCHAFENGHUOCHAICHULEHENDUOJIAOCHAN。1826 NIAN10 YUE,BIXUEYUANYIJINGCHENGLEWEIYIYIWEILIUZAIBEIJINGDEWAIGUOTIANZHUJIAOJIAOSHI。ZAI1826 NIANDAO1838NIANJIAN,TAMUDULEBEIJINGJIAOTANGYIZUOZUOBEIHUI:1826 NIANBEITANGDEZHUFANGBEIPOCHUSHOU,1827 NIANBEITANGBEIHUI;LIUXIADESHINANTANG、ZHALANHEZHENGFUSI。

完美兼职网赚论坛 1840 NIANDAIHE1950 NIANDAIDEBEIJINGYOUGEGONGTONGDETEDIAN,JIZAIBEIJINGMEIYOUXIOURENSHI,ZHIYOUYIXIEELUOSIREN。1840 NIANDEELUOSIRENSHUYUDONGZHIMENNEIELUOSIDONGZHENGJIAODEJIAOSHITUAN,ER1950 NIANDAIZHUBEIJINGDEELUOSIRENSHIYIXIEWAIGUOZHUANJIAHEJISHURENYUAN。SUIZHU1958 NIANQIANHOUSULIANHEZHONGGUODEGUANXIEHUA,SUOYIZHEYANGDERENYEYUELAIYUESHAO。

ZAIZHONGGUOTIANZHUJIAOLISHISHANG,YOUYIGERENHE“WAIGUORENHUIBEIJING”DESHIJIANYOUTEBIEDEGUANXI,JIUSHIMENGZHENSHENGZHUJIAO( Joseph-Martial Mouly , 1807 — 1868 )。TASHIYIWEIFAGUOQIANSHIHUIHUISHI,NIANQINGSHIJIUXIANGQUZHONGGUOCHUANJIAO。TAXUEXISHENXUE,BEIZHUSHENGSIDUO,BINGYU1834 NIANDADAOAOMEN。

19 SHIJICHUDEAOMENSHIZHUNBEIZHONGGUOCHUANJIAOGONGZUODEZHONGYAODIDIAN,BIRUPUTAOYADEJIANGSHAWEI( Affonso Gonsalvez )JIUZAI1813 NIANDAO1841 NIANJIANZAIAOMENDESHENXUEYUANPEIYANGLEYIXIEZHONGGUOXIUDAOSHENGBINGBIANXIELEHAOJIBENSHUANGYUCIDIAN,BIRULAHANCIDIANHEPUHANCIDIAN(NEIGESHIHOUDE“LADINGYU”CHENG“LADINGWEN”)。

完美兼职网赚论坛 1835 NIAN2 YUE12 RI,AOMENDEFAGUOQIANSHIHUIHUISHIJUEDINGMIMIPAIQIANMENGZHENSHENGSHENFUDAOBEIJING,XIWANGTAKEYIQUXIWANZI。ZHEWEI28 SUIDEFAGUOSHENFUMEITIANWANSHANGYONGCHASHUIXILIAN,XIWANGBAZIJIDEFUSERANHEIYIDIANER,BUYAORANGRENFAXIANTASHI“BAIREN”!TAZAIMACHESHANGHEXIAOCHUANSHANGDOUHUIZHUANGBANCHENGYIGEXINGDONGBUBIANDEBINGREN,YIMIANYINQIBIERENDEZHUYI,YINWEITAZHIDAO,RUGUOBEIFAXIANTASHIBUBEIYUNXUJINRUNEIDIDE“WAIGUOREN”HUO“TAIXI”LAIDEREN,JIUHUIBEIYASONGDAOGUANGZHOUHUOAOMEN。

NEISHIWAIGUORENDOUBUBEIYUNXUQUBEIJING,SUOYIMENGZHENSHENGQUBEIJINGSHIJIANHENMAOXIANDESHI。TAYU1835 NIAN6 YUEDAODABEIJING,ZAINEILITOUTOUDIHEZHONGGUOQIANSHIHUIHUISHIHANRUOSESHENFUJIANLEMIAN。MENGZHENSHENGCENGZAIBEIJINGDEZHENGFUSITINGLIUGUOSANTIAN,CIHOUTAQULEXIWANZI,DANTAYEHENGUANXINBEIJINGDEJIAOCHAN。

MENGZHENSHENG1835 NIANZAIBEIJINGDERIZIKENDINGSHITANTEBUANDE:TAHAIPAZIJIWAIGUORENDESHENFENBEIFAXIAN。ZAIPIANPIDIQUDEXIWANZI,TAKENENGHUIGANDAOANQUAN,YINWEINEILISHIJIAOYOUCUN,DANZAIBEIJINGSHITAJUEDUIBUNENGGONGKAILUMIAN。KENENGTAMEIYOUXIANGDAO,TADEYISHENGZHONGHUANNENGYOUJIHUIZAIBAITIANGONGKAIDIXINGZOUZAIBEIJINGDEJIETOU。

1860 NIAN,JUSHIFASHENGLEHENDADEZHUANBIAN,ERDUIBEIJINGDETIANZHUJIAOLAISHUO,ZHEJUEDUISHIYIGEHENHAODEFAZHAN:YINGFALIANJUNZAI1860 NIAN10 YUE24 、25 RIQIANGPOQINGTINGFENBIEHEYINGGUO、FAGUOQIANDING《BEIJINGTIAOYUE》,ERGENJUTIAOKUANGUIDING,ZHONGGUOZHENGFUYINGGAIGUIHUANCIQIANMEISHOUDEJIAOHUICAICHAN。

英法軍隊很快從北京撤離,但清廷根據所簽的條約恢復了北京天主教原來的教產。北京的天主教教友可以重新看守和管理那些古老的教堂和文物了,比如正福寺和柵欄的老墓碑。南堂、東堂、西堂和北堂都開始了大規模的重建工程。

完美兼职网赚论坛     1867 年孟振生為北堂的落成主持了祝圣禮,但兩年后他便不在人世了,61 歲的他于1868 年12 月4 日在北京去世。他的接班人,蘇主教( Guierry )為他舉行了葬禮,參加葬禮的人包括英國、法國、德國、俄羅斯、西班牙、美國大使和使團人員,以及海關總署的羅伯特·哈特( Robert Hart )和東正教大司祭巴拉第( Palladius Kafarow , 1817 — 1878 ,1850 年來北京)。

完美兼职网赚论坛 ZHEJIUYIWEIZHU,1867 NIANZAIBEIJINGHUODONGDEWAIGUORENYIJINGBUSHAOLE,TAMENYEDOUSHIQIAOLIANGRENWU,TAMENYIBUBUDIXUEXIHANYU,JIAOSHOUWAIYU,XIANGBENDIRENCHUANBOWAIGUOWENHUA,JIESHAOGUOJISHANGDEZHISHIHEKEXUEJISHU,JINXINGHANXUEYANJIU,ZUOFANYI,JIANZAOXISHILOUFANG,PAISHEZHAOPIAN,DENGDENG。

JINTIANDEBEIJINGRENJIHUDOUBUZHIDAOMENGZHENSHENG( Mouly )ZHUJIAOSHISHUI。TAYUANLAIZAIZHENGFUSISUOLIDEMUBEIZAI20 SHIJI60 NIANDAIDEHUNLUANZHONGSHIZONGLE。RUGUOMEIYOUMENGZHENSHENGDEYONGQIHENULI,JINTIANBEIJINGTIANZHUJIAODEJIAOCHANKENENGYOUYIBUFENJIUMEIYOULE。BEIJINGDETIANZHUJIAOYINGGAIJINIANZHEWEIZAITESHUSHIQIWANCHENGTESHURENWUDEFAGUOREN。

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